Land reforms are basically required for redistribution of land which could have several benefits that could be social, economic and administrative. There is always inverse relationship of large land holding and productivity therefore land reforms are always treated as strategy for better production. However the traditional large land holdings hardly concentrate on productivity. The population all over the world as a whole is on rising trend; especially in developing and under developed countries fewer efforts have been made for birth control “Pakistan is one of the populous countries in the world with 180,808,000 populations”. The entire population requires fulfilling the need for food, a dwelling to live and economic activity to survive. For such activities land is very much required, this aspect of importance of land have already been discussed at the beginning of this essay.
Rapid population growth, widespread poverty, persistent food insecurity, and alarming rate of environmental degradation have fuelled an increasing debate on land tenure systems and land reforms. More equitable access to land is important in combating rural poverty. Under these circumstances Land Reforms undoubtedly are regarded as an important factor to alleviate poverty and increase economic development. Since there is always a relationship between land reforms and growth, therefore land reforms were central to strategies to improve the asset base of the poor in developing countries. But in Pakistan their effectiveness has been hindered by political constraints on implementation. For the land reforms it requires political will and determination of the governments, not only this but appropriate laws need to be formulated with their ensured implementation.
Land Reforms inviting involvement of international donor agencies, different governments at different times, NGOs, environmentalists, and economists. Globally, land reforms have been introduced for a mixture of political, economic and egalitarian motives, often resulting from political upheavals, and changing the distribution of land in favour of small farmers. Land reform is also treated with a view of Human Rights issue as it involves survival of people and livelihood of poor peasants. More equitable access to land is important in combating rural poverty to overcome the menace of poverty.